PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
The province of Nova Scotia is located in the east of Canada and is one of the so-called Maritime Provinces (The Maritimes of Canada). The Canadian province of Nova Scotia consists of the Nova Scotia peninsula and Cape Breton Island. It is connected to the mainland (the province of New Brunswick) by a narrow isthmus. The south and the east coasts are washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of St. Lawrence is located in the north, the Bay of Fundy in the west. Nova Scotia’s territory if bigger than Denmark, but smaller than Scotland.
Before the arrival of colonists, the vast land of Nova Scotia was home to Indian tribes, the most numerous of which was the Mi’kmaq tribe. Their custom to coat the body with red clay was at the origin of the “redskin” term, which is used in reference to all Indians of North America. The majority of the first settlers of this area were likely to be farmers from the western France. Until 1713, Nova Scotia was called Acadia.
Canada’s first lighthouse, built in 1720 in Louisbourg is located on the territory of Nova Scotia. The fishing village Peggy`s Cove and its famous lighthouse-post office is the most photographed place in Canada. You will not find a similar seascape anywhere else on earth.
Halifax is the largest city in Nova Scotia, a major port and an administrative center of the province. The city has a developed shipbuilding and automotive engineering, oil and canned fish industry. The city has five universities. Halifax hosted the World Ice Hockey Championship 2008. Halifax Harbor gives a certain charm and mood to the whole city. Among hundreds of small and large vessels, warehouses and docks, there are a lot of cafes, restaurants and shopping malls. Halifax offers tourists a lunch in the open air, a light ocean breeze, music of port pubs, and much more. Visit the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, which is located in a historic building of the former ship’s store. One of the most famous sights of the city is the Old Town Clock on the Citadel Hill. The Citadel Hill is a National Historic Site of Canada located on the highest point of the city, which is also the most famous photo spot of Halifax. The Army Museum and the adjoining park are particularly popular.
Except the Peggy’s Cove, tourists visit the Gulf of St. Margaret’s Bay and its collection of picturesque fishing villages. Among others, the world-famous Lunenburg and its Bluenose sailing schooner (1921) harbor-complex, which is UNESCO’s international heritage site. Yarmouth is a large port city in the east of the province known for its port and coastal natural attractions, such as the Balancing Rock, which is a seven-meter sloping rock on the edge of a cliff.
Climate of the province is favorable for agriculture. The Annapolis Valley is known for its apple orchards. Apples under the same brand are sold across Canada. The cultural life of the province attracts world’s attention. Pictou town has been the location of the first Scottish colonists’ settlement (1773). Gaelic and French languages are still spoken hear. Antigonish is the name of a city and a university, the home for famous annual Highland Games. The most famous and picturesque road in the province is the 300 km long Cabot Trail, runs through the Cape Breton Highlands National Park and gives a unique opportunity to enjoy the fantastic beauty of the coast, rivers, lakes and hills.